Population Estimate 202196,5898,642,274331.893.745
Population Census 202096,9298,631,393331,449,281
Population, Census 201092,3768,001,024308,745,538
Population, percent change - 2010 to 20204.77.97.4
Age and Sex

Persons under 5 years, percent, 20204.45.75.7
Persons under 18 years, percent, 202019.721.822.2
Persons 65 years and over, percent, 202021.116.316.8
Female persons, percent, 202051.650.550.5
Race and Hispanic Origin

White alone, percent, 202087.268.875.8
Black or African American alone, percent, 20206.720.013.6
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, 20200.30.61.3
Asian alone, percent, 20203.87.26.1
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, 202000.10.3
Two or More Races, percent, 20202.13.42.9
Hispanic or Latino, percent, 20203.69.818.5
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, 202084.260.359.3
Population Characteristics

Veterans 20206,361674,24217,835,456
Foreign born persons, percent, 20205.712.613.5

Housing units 202142,2533,652,388142,153,010
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 202074.766.764.4
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2020$207,300$282,800$229,800
Median gross rent, 2020$937$1,257$1,096
Building permits 202119239,3881,736,982
Families and Living Arrangements

Households 202038,2343,184,121122,354,219
Persons per household, 20202.402.602.60
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 202087.385.286.2
Language other than English spoken at home, % of persons age 5 yrs.+, 20207.316.421.5
Computer and Internet Use

Households with a computer, percent, 202090.792.391.9
Households with a broadband internet subscription, percent, 202084.686.185.2

High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 202093.390.388.5
Bachelor’s degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 202036.039.532.9

With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 20207.38.08.7
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent 20207.08.610.2

In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 202060.764.063.0
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 202056.560.458.4
Total retail sales per capita, 2017$11,993$14,185$15,224

Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 202023.828.626.9
Income and Poverty

Median household income (in 2016 dollars), 2020$70,076$76,398$64,994
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2020$37,859$41,225$35,384
Persons in poverty, percent 20206.09.211.4


Total employer establishments, 20202,015204,1318,000,178
Total employer establishments, 20191,987203,4677,959,103
Total employment, 202029,1953,483,867134,163,349
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020-


Population per square mile, 2020386.9218.693.8
Land area in square miles, 2020250.5239,490.093,531,905.43

Source: U.S. Census 2022